Hunting takes you to some of Michigan’s most scenic areas. But there are limits on where you can hunt. Trespassing is among Michigan’s hunting and fishing violations and violations can restrict many of your hunting rights.
A hunter must receive written or verbal permission from a landowner or leaseholder before hunting on farmland, connected woodlands, any posted private land or on any fenced or enclosed property. Hunters are required to show their hunting license to landowners upon their request.
You must receive the landowner’s permission before tracking an animal that you wounded if it runs or flies onto their property. But a person without a firearm may walk or run onto a person’s property only for retrieving their hunting dog unless the property owner previously objected. That hunter may not stay on that property past the reasonable time needed to retrieve their dog.
Building safety zones
It is illegal to hunt with a firearm within 450 feet of an occupied building, dwelling, house, residence, cabin, barn or another building used for operating a farm without receiving the written permission of the property’s owner, renter or occupant.
Safety zones only involve these structures. These zones do not govern indoor or outdoor shooting ranges, target shooting, law enforcement activities or the legal discharge of firearms for a non-hunting purpose.
Road or railroad rights-of-way
Hunters may hunt and trap within a road right-of-way if the adjacent property is publicly owned. The landowner must give permission if this property is privately owned.
A railroad right-of-way is also private property. Trespassing on railroad property is a misdemeanor criminal offense unless you received written permission from the railroad company.
Landowners and their invited guests have exclusive rights to hunting and trapping bordering waterways. The landowner must give permission before a person engages in float hunting or setting traps along the waterways protected by the recreational trespass law. But float hunting and trapping are permitted on and along waterways surrounded by public land and open to hunting.
There are townships or parts of townships in counties closed to hunting or restricted to firearms or types of firearms. Restrictions are posted in these townships which include Alcona, Arenac, Barry, Berrien, Crawford, Dickinson, Eaton, Emmet, Genesee, Iosco, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Livingston, Macomb, Mackinac, Manistee, Oakland, Otsego, Ottawa, Presque Isle, Saginaw, St. Clair, Washtenaw, and Wayne townships.
Michigan laws governs hunting on national forest lands. But there are additional federal regulations governing these activities in these areas.
Violating these laws carries serious penalties and may affect your rights to hunt, fish or carry a firearm. An attorney can help assure that your rights are protected.