Depending on the type and quantity of the drug, a person could be looking at many years in prison along with exorbitant fines. Controlled substances are broken into different drug schedules by the federal government based on how addictive a substance is and how likely it is to be abused.
The state of Michigan uses the same classification determining drug penalties. There are five different drug schedules, with Schedule I being the most problematic and Schedule V being the least. This guide explains the differences between schedule and lists common drugs found within each.
Along with an increased likelihood of dependence, Schedule I drugs are considered to have no medical applications. Heroin, ecstasy, LSD, and methaqualone (which is a sedative) are all classed as Schedule I drugs. Despite it being legal in some states, including Michigan, marijuana is also considered a Schedule I substance on the federal level.
While Schedule II drugs also have a high potential for dependence, they can be used in controlled medical settings for sedation and pain relief. Schedule II drugs include cocaine, methadone, Adderall, fentanyl, and oxycodone.
Substances included in Schedules III through V are considered a lower risk in terms of abuse potential, but they can still cause problems in users. They include:
- Schedule III – Ketamine, codeine, and anabolic steroids fall into this category.
- Schedule IV - Antianxiety medications like Xanax, Valium, and Ativan are all Schedule IV. Sleep aid Ambien is also included.
- Schedule V - Some Schedule V substances can be purchased over the counter in drug stores, while others require a prescription. Over the counter medications such as cough medicine are considered Schedule V, as are nerve pain medications like Lyrica.